Glass enamel is a material made from the fusion of powdered glass, with metal oxides that give color to the enameled object. The fusion temperature ranges from 750 to 850 degrees Celsius and gives the object a colorful glassy surface, in various designs and combinations.
The first known enamels have used the cloisonne technique, small cells separated by thin metal sheets where the enamel is inserted in design and color combinations.
In the third millennium BC, in Egypt and Mesopotamia, enameled ceramic decorative motifs complemented the decoration of the walls of temples or palaces.
In Cyprus, rings of the Mycenaean period with enamel, date from the 13th century BC.
From the 6th BC. century, Greek goldsmiths specialized in the cloisonne technique in gold jewelry. The technique spread to the borders of the Byzantine Empire and from there, in the 14th century AD. in Germany.
The Celts from the third century AD. They spread enamel as a decorative material in France and Britain
From 1885 until 1917, Peter Carl Faberge created for the Tsarist family 52 eggs of gold, precious stones and enamel. Today there are 46 priceless Faberge eggs, most in private collections, but also at the Faberge Museum in St. Petersburg.
In Islamic art, the Mongols (Mogul or Mughal) created new enamel techniques in the 16th century, for jewelry and cult objects. From the Mongols, enamel was transported to China and in the 19th century to Japan.
Glass enamel is a very durable material (hardness 6-6.5 of the Mohs scale) with many applications in jewelry, decorative or household utensils. Today, we have high quality enamels in epoxy resins with dynamic colors, high durability and infinite applications. Silver jewelry, jewelry made of stainless steel, bronze and other metals, are combined with enamel, in a series of jewelry that shape fashion and modern market trends.